Research

Displaying 1 - 10 of 255

Deep learning software analyses cardiovascular risk

Deep learning software analyses cardiovascular risk
Heart attacks, strokes and other cardiovascular (CV) diseases continue to be among the top public health issues. Assessing this risk is critical first step toward reducing the likelihood that a patient suffers a CV event in the future. To do this assessment, doctors take into account a variety of risk factors — some genetic (like age and sex), some with lifestyle components (like smoking and blood pressure).
21st February 2018

The formation of myelin sheaths around nerve fibres

The formation of myelin sheaths around nerve fibres
Nerve fibres are surrounded by a myelin sheath. Scientists at the Technical University of Munich (TUM) have now made the first-ever 'live' observations of how this protective layer is formed. The team discovered that the characteristic patterns of the myelin layer are determined at an early stage. However, these patterns can be adjusted as needed in a process apparently controlled by the nerve cells themselves.
14th February 2018

Surgical infections linked to drug-resistant bugs

Surgical infections linked to drug-resistant bugs
Patients having surgery in low income countries are more likely to develop an infection than those in wealthier nations, which may be linked to drug-resistant bacteria, research led by the Universities of Birmingham, Edinburgh and Warwick suggests. Patients in low income nations also have higher antibiotic use and are more likely to be infected with bacteria that are resistant to medicines, the study found.
14th February 2018


Gene could protect against heart disease

Gene could protect against heart disease
Scientists have identified a gene that may play a protective role in preventing heart disease. Their research revealed that the gene, called MeXis, acts within key cells inside clogged arteries to help remove excess cholesterol from blood vessels. Published in the journal Nature Medicine, the UCLA-led study in mice found that MeXis controls the expression of a protein that pumps cholesterol out of cells in the artery wall.
14th February 2018

A blueprint for future peripheral nerve disease research

A blueprint for future peripheral nerve disease research
Human peripheral nerves — all the nerves outside of the central nervous system — are protected by the blood-nerve barrier. This is a tight covering of endothelial cells that maintains the microenvironment within the nerves by restricting the amounts or types of water, ions, solutes and nutrients that can reach the axons, or electric cables within the nerves, from the blood circulation system. This allows the nerves to function.
7th February 2018

A method to study neurodegenerative diseases in the lab

A method to study neurodegenerative diseases in the lab
KU Leuven scientists present a new way to generate oligodendrocytes, building blocks of the brain that play a crucial role in neurodegenerative diseases such as multiple sclerosis and ALS. The method makes it much easier to study these cells and explore their therapeutic potential. All stem cells are immature, and pluripotent stem cells are the most immature among them: they can give rise to all different cell types of the body.
12th January 2018

Sweet like stress detection

Sweet like stress detection
Global research and innovation hub in nanoelectronics and digital technologies, imec, has announced that it has collected the largest multisensor dataset worldwide on stress detection. imec’s Stress in the Work Environment (SWEET) study captured data from more than 1,000 people and is the first large-scale study that used clinical-grade wearables to establish the link between mental stress and physiological symptoms in daily life.
11th January 2018

Modelling approach effectively predicts cancer tumour growth

Modelling approach effectively predicts cancer tumour growth
  A new and more effective method of predicting how cancer tumours grow and spread has been developed by a team of researchers in the US. Their study, published in the journal Convergent Science Physical Oncology, reports a new computational modelling approach, which fits more closely than previous models with the tumour behaviour seen in experimental observations.
3rd January 2018

Methodology increases resolution in oligodendrocyte proteomics

Methodology increases resolution in oligodendrocyte proteomics
One of the key challenges of proteomics, the study of all proteins expressed by a cell or organism, is managing to distinguish between molecules that are structurally different yet have the same mass. This is hard because a mass spectrometer, the main apparatus used in this type of study, works like a weighing scale, sorting the molecules analysed according to their mass.
3rd January 2018

Understanding the roots of CAVD

Understanding the roots of CAVD
The diminutive size of our aortic valve belies its essential role in pushing oxygen-rich blood from the heart into the aorta, our body’s largest vessel, and from there to all other organs. Yet for decades, researchers have focused less on damaged valves than on atherosclerosis, the gradual hardening of the blood vessels themselves. Thanks, in part, to pigs at the University of Wisconsin–Madison’s Arlington Agricultural Research Station, scientists are catching up on understanding the roots of CAVD.
3rd January 2018


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21st February 2018
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