Diagnosis

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Cognitive computing to support diagnosis of rare diseases

Cognitive computing to support diagnosis of rare diseases
By the end of the year RHÖN-KLINIKUM AG (RKA), a private hospital group in Germany, will begin piloting a Watson-powered cognitive assistance system to help support physicians at the group’s Centre for Undiagnosed and Rare Diseases located at the University Hospital Marburg.
18th October 2016

Smartphone-connected medical devices enable remote diagnosis

Smartphone-connected medical devices enable remote diagnosis
  Cupris Health has developed communication software and smartphone-connected medical devices that enable the remote diagnosis and management of patient conditions.
6th October 2016

Acoustic holograms could improve ultrasound diagnostics

Acoustic holograms could improve ultrasound diagnostics
Sound can now be structured in three dimensions. Researchers from the Max Planck Institute for Intelligent Systems and the University of Stuttgart have found a way of generating acoustic holograms, which could improve ultrasound diagnostics and material testing. The holograms can also be used to move and manipulate particles. Peer Fischer, a Research Group Leader at the Max Planck Institute for Intelligent Systems and Professor at the University of Stuttgart, normally works on micro- and nanorobots.
22nd September 2016


Simple saliva test to diagnose asthma

Simple saliva test to diagnose asthma
A test which can diagnose asthma from a patient's saliva has been developed by Loughborough University. Around 5.4 million people currently receive treatment for asthma in the UK, of which 1.1 million are children. To diagnose the condition doctors usually measure a person's airflow lung capacity, however lung function tests can be inaccurate and do not reflect underlying changes associated with asthma.
16th September 2016

Method speeds up detection of infectious diseases

Method speeds up detection of infectious diseases
A team of UCLA researchers has found a way to speed and simplify the detection of proteins in blood and plasma opening up the potential for diagnosing the early presence of infectious diseases or cancer during a doctor's office visit. The test takes about 10 minutes as opposed to two to four hours for current state-of-the-art tests. The approach overcame several key challenges in detecting proteins that are biomarkers of disease.
1st September 2016

Exome sequence data aids the diagnosis of rare diseases

Exome sequence data aids the diagnosis of rare diseases
  Based on the largest resource of its kind, members of the Exome Aggregation Consortium (ExAC) led by scientists at the Broad Institute of MIT and Harvard report scientific findings from data on the exome sequences (protein-coding portions of the genome) from 60,706 people from diverse ethnic backgrounds.
18th August 2016

Computers excel at predicting lung cancer

Computers excel at predicting lung cancer
Computers can be trained to be more accurate than pathologists in assessing slides of lung cancer tissues, according to a study by researchers at the Stanford University School of Medicine. The researchers found that a machine-learning approach to identifying critical disease-related features accurately differentiated between two types of lung cancers and predicted patient survival times better than the standard approach of pathologists classifying tumors by grade and stage.
16th August 2016

MRI technique enables consistent diagnoses

MRI technique enables consistent diagnoses
A technology harnesses imperfections that typically compromise MRI exams to create images resolved enough to enable consistent diagnoses across populations for the first time. These are findings of a study led by NYU Langone Medical Center and published in Nature Communications. Since its emergence in the 1970s, MRI has given physicians a better look inside tissues, helping to diagnose maladies from brain tumors to internal bleeding to torn ligaments.
16th August 2016

Enzyme-mapping helps target neglected diseases

Enzyme-mapping helps target neglected diseases
Scientists at MIT and the University of São Paulo in Brazil have identified the structure of an enzyme that could be a good target for drugs combating three diseases common in the developing world. The enzyme, fumarate hydratase (FH) is essential for metabolic processes of parasites that are responsible for the spread of three diseases: Leishmaniases, Chagas disease, and sleeping sickness.
16th August 2016

A way to enable rapid screening of anti-cancer compounds

A way to enable rapid screening of anti-cancer compounds
A chemistry graduate student at UChicago, Di Liu devised a way to make tiny knotted and interlocked chemical structures that have been impossible for chemists to fabricate until now, and he invented a way that those knots might be used to quickly screen hundreds of chemicals for fighting cancer. Many chemicals have knots or links as part of their structure. But synthesising new substances that tie themselves in knots at the molecular scale is prodigiously difficult.
12th August 2016


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