University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign

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University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign articles

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Flexibility is at the heart of human intelligence

Flexibility is at the heart of human intelligence
  Centuries of study have yielded many theories about how the brain gives rise to human intelligence. Some neuroscientists think intelligence springs from a single region or neural network. Others argue that metabolism or the efficiency with which brain cells make use of essential resources are key.
21st November 2017

Ultrafast light pulses can trigger neuron activity

Ultrafast light pulses can trigger neuron activity
Specially tailored, ultrafast pulses of light can trigger neurons to fire and could one day help patients with light-sensitive circadian or mood problems, according to a new study in mice at the University of Illinois. Chemists have used such carefully crafted light beams, called coherent control, to regulate chemical reactions, but this study is the first demonstration of using them to control function in a living cell.
20th November 2017

Stem cells could address diabetes-related circulation problems

Stem cells could address diabetes-related circulation problems
Stem cells taken from muscle tissue could promote better blood flow in patients with diabetes who develop peripheral artery disease, a painful complication that can require surgery or lead to amputation. A study in mice at the University of Illinois found that an injection of the stem cells prompted new blood vessels to grow, improving circulation in the affected tissues and function in the affected limbs.
7th November 2017


Integrated lab-on-a-chip quickly detects multiple pathogens

Integrated lab-on-a-chip quickly detects multiple pathogens
  A multidisciplinary group that includes the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign and the University of Washington at Tacoma has developed a novel platform to diagnose infectious disease at the point-of-care, using a smartphone as the detection instrument in conjunction with a test kit in the format of a credit card.
24th October 2017

Cast21 offers a lightweight and waterproof cast

Cast21 offers a lightweight and waterproof cast
  Three students from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign are working on a way to stabilise broken arms so as to avoid the downsides of traditional casts. Plaster and fibreglass casts that are used now don’t let air in and out, making the skin below itchy and smelly, and sometimes causing serious infections.
23rd October 2017

Spectral analyser turns smartphone into diagnostic tool

Spectral analyser turns smartphone into diagnostic tool
Researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have developed technology that enables a smartphone to perform lab-grade medical diagnostic tests that typically require large, expensive instruments. Costing only $550, the spectral TRI-Analyser from Bioengineering and Electrical & Computer Engineering Professor Brian Cunningham's lab attaches to a smartphone and analyses patient blood, urine, or saliva samples as reliably as clinic-based instruments that cost thousands of dollars.
11th August 2017

1.2 microseconds in the life of a HIV capsid

1.2 microseconds in the life of a HIV capsid
It took two years on a supercomputer to simulate 1.2 microseconds in the life of the HIV capsid, a protein cage that shuttles the HIV virus to the nucleus of a human cell. The 64-million-atom simulation offers new insights into how the virus senses its environment and completes its infective cycle. The findings are reported in the journal Nature Communications.
19th July 2017

Sensors can detect disease markers in breath

Sensors can detect disease markers in breath
A small, thin square of an organic plastic that can detect disease markers in breath or toxins in a building's air could soon be the basis of portable, disposable sensor devices. By riddling the thin plastic films with pores, University of Illinois researchers made the devices sensitive enough to detect at levels that are far too low to smell, yet are important to human health.
19th May 2017


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